Essential Points to Remember For a Database Driven Website

In the field of web development, databases are the fundamental building blocks. They are present in simple blogs people post every day on the internet to the complex user-friendly websites. Much careful planning goes into designing a suitable database for anintricate website to ensure it operates efficiently and smoothly at all times.

Computer experts who specialize in this area say it necessary for you to keep in mind certain standardized rules, procedures and practicesthat common to all database designsthat drive websites. These are as follows:


1. What type of functionality do you need from the database you are designing?

The first stage of the planning process involves what type of information the database you are designing will store and what will the website require from it. Experts state that at this point you should not focus too much on the individual tables because you will get time to think of that later. Your objective at this phase involves formulating a general idea of the database and the slowly narrowing it down.

When it comes to designing a functional database for a website, it is important that focus your attention outside the box for a moment. This implies that you need to have a good idea of what online users will require from the website, whose database you are designing.

For instance, if it is going to be a membership site, then you need to think about what type of information your end-user will need to store in it. Apart from this, what will use the website for? If they intend to post blogs, send messages or upload photos.

For instance, if it is going to be a membership site, then you need to think about what type of information your end-user will need to store in it. Apart from this, what will use the website for? If they intend to post blogs, send messages or upload photos.

Then your database should contain relevant tables for such tasks.  At the same time, you need to be aware of what kind of information these users are likely to obtain from this website. Are they looking for a particular cooking recipe, gain access to contents of fellow members or view products other users have recently bought? If this is the case, then you need to create a suitable database that can store such information and come up with a relevant link that connects such individual pieces of data.


2. Determining the relevant tables and corresponding fields

In this phase of the planning process, you have to determine what kinds of tables your database needs and their corresponding fields. This is the most intricate and complicated stage of designing your database. You need to use the right methods to link the individual tables together and sort the relevant information with each table correctly as per the user’s instructions.

Moreover, you may have to group such data or keep them separate, as the case may be, to ensure you face no problems while designing the database. At this point of time, you have to focus on making a list of the type of tables you may require in your database and their relevant fields. During this process, you need to test the efficiency of your database by inserting dummy data into the tables and reorganizing them in numerous ways.


3. Using a suitable tool for data modeling

At this stage, you should have a fairly good idea of what your end users will want the website to do. This is the time where you need to create suitable tables that can store the right information these online users may insert, sort, edit, organize, arrange and if the need arise delete. For this, you need to use the suitable tool for designing such database such as MySQL Workbench that can help you achieve this objective. Such tools enable you to visualize the type database you want to design from various online models and help you to create the basic flowcharts.


4. Relational databases

You may have come across this term ‘relational database’ before. It only means that each table your database should relate to one another in a specific way. For instance, in the case of an e-commerce website, it should be possible to relate a particular online user to products he/she purchases using this medium or show interest in buying. Again, in the case of a blog website, an expert in the field says should be to links authors to posts they write on this site and online users to comments they make regarding such blogs.

While creating a relevant relational database for yourwebsite, it is important for you to create certain unique keys that link the information online users store in individuals table. Again, each of this table needs a unique primary key, which distinct to each information these users insert in such table to ensure greater efficiency in sorting relevant data.At the same time, your users will also require a foreign key to enable them to extract information common to all tables in your databases.


5. Grouping relevant data into relevant information fields or separating them

Within each field of your database, you should know what pieces of information your users insert together or need to be separate as the case may be. A prudent way of determining which data need to in the same field or separate ones is to visualize what you need to do to edit such information if it is necessary. When one of your online users wants you to insert his/her address, you need to create a separate field for the street he/she lives, the city it comes under, state and country.

Designing a database can be a tedious task for most people. It is important for you to have a thorough understanding of the basics of creating a good database structure. The objective of the database you create for a particular website is to ensure that your end users find it efficient to use and is scalable. They should be able to insert, sort, edit, extract and delete the data they store in your database without any hassle.

You should design the database in such a way that your users can remove the information they find irrelevant and rejects duplicate records whenever these users try it inset such information. Moreover, these users should be able to cross-reference data belonging to separate tables in your database conveniently and quickly.



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Author Bio: Sujain Thomas is a Web design and database expert that helps small to medium scale businesses create databases that promote fast development and growth of their businesses in the competitive market.


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